43rd President of the United States

RonPaulCurriculum 8th Grade History Essay

George W. Bush, 43rd President of the United States, son of the 41rst President of the United States, George H. W. Bush. George W. Bush and George H. W. Bush are the second father-son presidents since John Adams and John Q. Adams.

George Walker Bush born in July of 1946, was the first son of George H. W. Bush and Barbara Bush. Grew up in Texas, where George H. W. Bush started an oil company, which made him rich. The family moved to Houston, and W. Bush went to a preparatory school for 2 years, then went to a boarding school in Massachusetts. There he played on the baseball team and was the leader of the cheerleader team.

After graduating, he got accepted to Yale, getting a Bachelor of Arts in History, and then got a Master of Business Administration in 1975.

Bush worked in the Texas Air National Guard in May of 1968, and spent two years in training, then was assigned to Houston. He then enlisted in the Alabama Air National Guard and was finally discharged in 1974.

In 1977, he met Laura Welch, a school teacher, and librarian. Before he met Laura, he was an alcoholic for a bit, but when he married Laura, he joined the United Methodist Church and became better. Only three months after meeting, Bush proposed, and they got married later that year. They had twin daughters on November 25, 1981, Barbara and Jenna.

Bush first ran for House of Representative but failed. So he bought a portion of the Texas Rangers baseball franchise, and also managed his father’s presidency campaign. The Texas Rangers baseball team was doing really well because of him, and he soon became the leader. He also gained a status as a great businessman.

He then tried again with politics, this time running for governor of Texas in 1994. Because of his success with the baseball team, and his family’s background, he was able to defeat the incumbent Ann Richards. He focused on education, reducing the crime rate, welfare, and tort reform.

In 1999 he tried his luck and ran for president with Dick Cheney as his vice president. The 2000 presidential election was really close, Bush lost the popular vote but won the electoral vote. And because of his win in the electoral vote, he won the election.

Eight months after this election, the 9/11 terrorist attacks occurred. After these attacks, Bush declared the “War of Terror”, which was a war on Afghanistan. Then in 2003, he declared war with Iraq.

The war with Afghanistan is the longest war yet for America. In 2011, there has peace talks with the country, and in 2014, all the American troops in Afghanistan returned, just leaving a small group until 2016.

In 2007, the housing market bubble popped, it was one of the biggest drop in the U.S . It didn’t get better, and people started calling it the Great Recession, which takes from the “Great Depression”. The economy finally started to recover in 2011, 4 years after.

The George W. Bush administration was different, mostly because they had control of both the Houses of Congress and Presidency. And in this administration both House and Senate were both Republicans, and made some of the worst decisions. Usually one will be mostly Democratic and the other Republican, to balance things out.

In conclusion, this is the last history essay for the 8th grade, I had a lot of fun learning. This course started from 1754 with the Seven Years War to now. You can look at my past essays, I have my 6th(i think) and 7th grade history essays if you to wanted you read them :P.

Osmoregulation

RonPaulCurriculum 8th Grade Biology Essay

You know how we breathe air and drink water, but filtered water, not salt water. Then there’s the saltwater fish, they breathe air, but they only drink salt water. For example, salmons, they’re anadromous, they are born in freshwater, then move to the ocean(salt water), then go back to freshwater to reproduce.

But how do saltwater fish live in salt water? Well, they use a process called, osmoregulation. Osmoregulation can let them control the amount of salt and water in their body, which is pretty cool if you ask me.

Saltwater fish drink a lot of water, then they have this extra salt in their body. Extra chloride ions are removed by active transport and leaves the body by their kidneys or gills. And since sodium ions are attracted to chloride ions, it follows it outside the body. And for saltwater fish, they have to drink a lot of water to get enough water for their system.

It’s the opposite case for freshwater fish. It’s pretty dangerous if they drink too much water, they either drink little or no water at all. They urinate huge amounts and it’s very watery. They gain their salt from the food they eat.

But for salmon, it’s different since they live in both fresh and salt water. When they’re in freshwater, they do what other fish do. Urinate a lot, and get salt from food. But when they’re in saltwater, they produce cortisol. These cortisol starts growing chloride cells. And these chloride cell ejects chloride, and when chloride ions are excreted, the salt follows.

In conclusion, osmoregulation is an important part of saltwater fish to have, without it, they wouldn’t be able to live. And I never really noticed how salmons are actually a pretty complicated fish.

I hope you enjoyed this essay, please comment if they’re any mistakes I should change. Thanks!

September 11, 2001

RonPaulCurriculum 8th Grade History Essay

One of the worst disasters in America was the 9/11 terrorist attack. 9/11 happened on September 11, 2001, when planes were hijacked and flew into the World Trade Center Towers. With a count of 2,996 deaths and over 6,000 injured. As of now, we still don’t know the true story behind the 9/11 attacks.

Four planes were hijacked, and all them were headed towards California. American Airlines flight 11, United Airlines flight 175, American Airlines flight 77, and United Airlines flight 93, were hijacked. Sadly no survivors from any of the crashes survived.

American Airlines Flight 11 was the first to be hijacked at 8:15 AM. As it headed to Los Angeles, California, it was redirected to New York City, where it crashed into the North Tower of the World Trade Center at 8:46 AM.

First crash, North Tower

Just after the first crash, news traveled fast, and 17 mins later United Airlines Flight 175 flew into the South Tower of the World Trade Center. This plane left Boston and was headed to LA, but redirected to New York City. It actually missed the tower, and had to turn around and crashed into the Tower at 9:03 AM.

Second crash, South Tower

After this second crash, the Federal Aviation Administration(FAA), ordered the landing of all flights and closed all U.S. airspace. This messed up all the flight schedules, so a whole new schedule had to be made because of this. President Bush was put under high protection and moved to a few places to avoid any assassination attempts.

American Airlines Flight 77 was another hijacked plane, but this one headed towards the Pentagon. The headquarters of the United States Department of Defense, located in Virginia. Flight 77 departed from Washington D.C., hijacked and turned around half an hour later, heading towards the Pentagon. And at 9:37 AM it crashed creating a fire and a result of 184 deaths.

Pentagon crash

After this third crash, the U.S. was basically closed down. All schools and government buildings were closed down for the whole day.

9:59 AM, when the South Tower, the second hit, collapsed 56 mins after the crash. Killing anyone inside the building and causing smoke all over New York City.

South Tower Collapsing

At 10:58 AM, the North Tower, the first crash, also collapsed creating another cloud of smoke all over New York City. Other than the North and South Tower, World Trade Center Towers 4, 5, 6, and 7 all caught on fire from the first two crashes. And World Trade Center 7 was only of the four to collapse from the fire.

United Airlines Flight 93, was the last crash that occurred in 9/11. But, when this plane was hijacked, the passengers took control and overthrew the terrorists. But not knowing how to fly a plane, it crashed at 10:03 AM in Pennsylvania, and no survivors survived the crash.

Fires continued to burn in New York and the recovery of any survivors continued to the next few days. The U.S. was surprised and was in mourn for the people who didn’t survive the attack and many people didn’t go to work or school for days.

Osama bin Laden, the founder of the Al-Qaeda group, was accused of the terrorist attacks of 9/11. It wasn’t until three years later, the Al-Qaeda group claimed responsibility for the attacks.

And because of all the evidence the government collected was never shared publicly, people started conspiracies.

After the attacks, President Bush requested that Afghanistan gives up Al-Qaeda who were hiding in Afghanistan. But they refused, and the U.S. declared war on Afghanistan in October 2001, and it is the longest war in American history.

Should You Go To College?

Should you go to college or not? I mean you could go to high school, and then start working and get on with life. But most people go to college to expand their world and experience new things.You don’t need to go to a college, but sometimes people just go to get the paper. Most jobs will ask if you a degree, but it’s not essential sometimes. But I believe that going to college can open up your view on things, and you never know who you’ll meet there.

It’s important to go to college if you’re going to major in medicine, engineering, coding, robotics, etc. To show that you have a piece of paper showing that you went to school to become a doctor, for example.

Sometimes people dream to go to Harvard or Princeton if they get accepted of course. I’m between the ages of 10-14, and my parents already decided that I go to college, mostly to get the piece of paper.

Sure college is expensive, but you can test out of college, so you don’t need to go all 4 years. My dad tested out half a year of college, so I think I’ll do that.

I don’t really know what I want to do when I grow up, so going to college and living a dorm is a good idea for me. If you already know what you want to do, for example, computer engineering, then go to a college who teaches that.

And if you don’t think you want to pursue with the college you’re at, then you could drop out. But I doubt you’ll get your money back, depending on how long you’ve been there. But this is if you’re really sure you don’t want to spend another 2-3 years in this college, cause you will lose your money.

Some people don’t go to college, after high school, they’ll start working full-time, and some people end up fine, and some not really.

College can be a good opportunity for you, and you can test out of college which is good, and if you really don’t like it, then you can drop out. But it’s a good idea, especially if you’re going to pursue a career, then yes, you should go to college.

Why Homeschooling

Homeschooling or public school, are you debating on which one you should do? Well, first homeschooling allows you to be more flexible on time, and you have more freedom.Homeschooling allows the student to have a broad subject on what he/she wants to learn(like coding, arts, music, basic engineering, etc.). As in public school, you don’t have much choice.

In homeschooling, you can advance in things you like to do. For example, you enjoy doing history, so you do two lessons a day, and then you finish that grade, and you can move on to other things.

In public school, there’s always that slow student, and you can’t advance because of him/her, and you’ll get bored. If you’re the slow one, usually you’d just fall behind and not able to catch up.
But in homeschooling then you’d be able to watch the lesson again, and actually, learn at your own pace.

Another thing, homeschooling can only take 4-5 hours, and you have the rest of the day free to do other things, like your hobbies or after school activities. Once I finish my schoolwork I play guitar and practice my piano, and I also have swimming after.

As in public school, you spend 7-8 hours a day just in school. Then you have homework after school and won’t have time late at night since you have to go to school early.

In public school, you learn whatever your teacher teaches you. Then you take tests, and if you get a good enough grade, then you don’t need to retake the test, and you forget. In homeschooling, you keep the information and actually learn.

In the system I use, there are 4 days of learning, and taking down notes, and on the fifth day, there’s a review and an essay to do. And I think that’s very effective.

If you’re afraid that you won’t make friends because you don’t go out and socialize. Well, there are programs for homeschoolers, for example, I go to a public speaking club, mostly because I don’t socialize much with kids my age or whatever. And I go to a swimming class/team and I get on with people just fine.

In conclusion, homeschooling is more beneficial, you have more time for other things, and have more freedom. And not just learn but also remember most things, and not what the government wants you to learn.

Intro Paragraphs

RonPaulCurriculum 8th Grade English
For English, I just have to write an introduction paragraph to the question “Why is school necessary”

First, everybody has to go to school, but why? I mean, why can’t we just get on with life? Well, when you’re an adult and have a job, you at least have to know the basics of math and English, or you’ll be just the stupid person, and nobody wants to be that person.

School is necessary. If you grow up not knowing anything, then you won’t be successful and you won’t have the life you wanted. And knowing the basics of math, English, history, science, is essential.

Just imagine yourself in life, and don’t know simple things because you didn’t go to school. You may think it’s a waste of time, but when you grow up, it’ll be quite helpful. And you won’t regret it.

Breathing

Today’s biology question, “When you find yourself breathing hard, is this due to a lack of oxygen or an excess or carbon dioxide”. It’s due to an excess of carbon dioxide in your blood. You breath harder to get rid of the carbon dioxide in your lungs.

So the physiology of your breathing starts with your thoracic cavity. Your thoracic cavity is protected by your ribcage, and in the bottom of your thoracic cavity is your diaphragm.

When you inhale, the air goes in through your nose or mouth and goes down through your windpipe. Then goes down your bronchus, where it leads the air to your lungs. Then enters your alveoli, where it takes the oxygen in the air into your blood. Then you exhale carbon dioxide.

When you inhale, the muscles tighten, pushing your ribs outward. When you exhale, the muscles relax pushing carbon dioxide out.

Your body also has a feedback system, it regulates your pH blood. Your body goes through a lot to keep your blood pH level at 7, and it’s not good if it drops or rises.

For example, when you breathe hard, that means your blood pH level is low. There’s too much carbon dioxide in your blood and not enough oxygen. So when your blood vessels detect that your pH level is low, they send a message to your medulla oblongata.

Your medulla oblongata sends a message to your ribcage muscles to contract faster and deeper. This makes you breath harder, and when you exhale, you exhale the carbon dioxide in your blood. Your breathing returns to normal when your pH blood returns to normal.