43rd President of the United States

RonPaulCurriculum 8th Grade History Essay

George W. Bush, 43rd President of the United States, son of the 41rst President of the United States, George H. W. Bush. George W. Bush and George H. W. Bush are the second father-son presidents since John Adams and John Q. Adams.

George Walker Bush born in July of 1946, was the first son of George H. W. Bush and Barbara Bush. Grew up in Texas, where George H. W. Bush started an oil company, which made him rich. The family moved to Houston, and W. Bush went to a preparatory school for 2 years, then went to a boarding school in Massachusetts. There he played on the baseball team and was the leader of the cheerleader team.

After graduating, he got accepted to Yale, getting a Bachelor of Arts in History, and then got a Master of Business Administration in 1975.

Bush worked in the Texas Air National Guard in May of 1968, and spent two years in training, then was assigned to Houston. He then enlisted in the Alabama Air National Guard and was finally discharged in 1974.

In 1977, he met Laura Welch, a school teacher, and librarian. Before he met Laura, he was an alcoholic for a bit, but when he married Laura, he joined the United Methodist Church and became better. Only three months after meeting, Bush proposed, and they got married later that year. They had twin daughters on November 25, 1981, Barbara and Jenna.

Bush first ran for House of Representative but failed. So he bought a portion of the Texas Rangers baseball franchise, and also managed his father’s presidency campaign. The Texas Rangers baseball team was doing really well because of him, and he soon became the leader. He also gained a status as a great businessman.

He then tried again with politics, this time running for governor of Texas in 1994. Because of his success with the baseball team, and his family’s background, he was able to defeat the incumbent Ann Richards. He focused on education, reducing the crime rate, welfare, and tort reform.

In 1999 he tried his luck and ran for president with Dick Cheney as his vice president. The 2000 presidential election was really close, Bush lost the popular vote but won the electoral vote. And because of his win in the electoral vote, he won the election.

Eight months after this election, the 9/11 terrorist attacks occurred. After these attacks, Bush declared the “War of Terror”, which was a war on Afghanistan. Then in 2003, he declared war with Iraq.

The war with Afghanistan is the longest war yet for America. In 2011, there has peace talks with the country, and in 2014, all the American troops in Afghanistan returned, just leaving a small group until 2016.

In 2007, the housing market bubble popped, it was one of the biggest drop in the U.S . It didn’t get better, and people started calling it the Great Recession, which takes from the “Great Depression”. The economy finally started to recover in 2011, 4 years after.

The George W. Bush administration was different, mostly because they had control of both the Houses of Congress and Presidency. And in this administration both House and Senate were both Republicans, and made some of the worst decisions. Usually one will be mostly Democratic and the other Republican, to balance things out.

In conclusion, this is the last history essay for the 8th grade, I had a lot of fun learning. This course started from 1754 with the Seven Years War to now. You can look at my past essays, I have my 6th(i think) and 7th grade history essays if you to wanted you read them :P.


September 11, 2001

RonPaulCurriculum 8th Grade History Essay

One of the worst disasters in America was the 9/11 terrorist attack. 9/11 happened on September 11, 2001, when planes were hijacked and flew into the World Trade Center Towers. With a count of 2,996 deaths and over 6,000 injured. As of now, we still don’t know the true story behind the 9/11 attacks.

Four planes were hijacked, and all them were headed towards California. American Airlines flight 11, United Airlines flight 175, American Airlines flight 77, and United Airlines flight 93, were hijacked. Sadly no survivors from any of the crashes survived.

American Airlines Flight 11 was the first to be hijacked at 8:15 AM. As it headed to Los Angeles, California, it was redirected to New York City, where it crashed into the North Tower of the World Trade Center at 8:46 AM.

First crash, North Tower

Just after the first crash, news traveled fast, and 17 mins later United Airlines Flight 175 flew into the South Tower of the World Trade Center. This plane left Boston and was headed to LA, but redirected to New York City. It actually missed the tower, and had to turn around and crashed into the Tower at 9:03 AM.

Second crash, South Tower

After this second crash, the Federal Aviation Administration(FAA), ordered the landing of all flights and closed all U.S. airspace. This messed up all the flight schedules, so a whole new schedule had to be made because of this. President Bush was put under high protection and moved to a few places to avoid any assassination attempts.

American Airlines Flight 77 was another hijacked plane, but this one headed towards the Pentagon. The headquarters of the United States Department of Defense, located in Virginia. Flight 77 departed from Washington D.C., hijacked and turned around half an hour later, heading towards the Pentagon. And at 9:37 AM it crashed creating a fire and a result of 184 deaths.

Pentagon crash

After this third crash, the U.S. was basically closed down. All schools and government buildings were closed down for the whole day.

9:59 AM, when the South Tower, the second hit, collapsed 56 mins after the crash. Killing anyone inside the building and causing smoke all over New York City.

South Tower Collapsing

At 10:58 AM, the North Tower, the first crash, also collapsed creating another cloud of smoke all over New York City. Other than the North and South Tower, World Trade Center Towers 4, 5, 6, and 7 all caught on fire from the first two crashes. And World Trade Center 7 was only of the four to collapse from the fire.

United Airlines Flight 93, was the last crash that occurred in 9/11. But, when this plane was hijacked, the passengers took control and overthrew the terrorists. But not knowing how to fly a plane, it crashed at 10:03 AM in Pennsylvania, and no survivors survived the crash.

Fires continued to burn in New York and the recovery of any survivors continued to the next few days. The U.S. was surprised and was in mourn for the people who didn’t survive the attack and many people didn’t go to work or school for days.

Osama bin Laden, the founder of the Al-Qaeda group, was accused of the terrorist attacks of 9/11. It wasn’t until three years later, the Al-Qaeda group claimed responsibility for the attacks.

And because of all the evidence the government collected was never shared publicly, people started conspiracies.

After the attacks, President Bush requested that Afghanistan gives up Al-Qaeda who were hiding in Afghanistan. But they refused, and the U.S. declared war on Afghanistan in October 2001, and it is the longest war in American history.

President Carter

RonPaulCurriculum 8th Grade History Essay

The 39th President of the United States, James Earl Carter Jr., usually known as Jimmy Carter, born in Georgia, 1924. His family was very religious, his mother worked as a nurse in a hospital, his father was successful in farming the business.
President Carter
He grew up in a very segregated area in Georgia, which will affect his presidency in the future. But he still made friends with the children in the area and the workers in his father’s farm.
His family’s farm was going down during the Great Depression, but they made it through in the end.
His wish was to attend Naval Academy in Annapolis, Maryland, although he had to go to other classes in Georgia, to be able to be accepted in the Naval Academy. In 1943, he was finally accepted, he was almost rejected because of his slim figure of his.
He was a good student in the Academy, and graduated in 1946. He returned home to Georgia, and married his childhood friend, Rosalynn Smith, in the same year, together they had 4 children.
Rosalynn Carter(née Smith)
Carter worked on his father’s farm, and became a well-known figure in the public, and even became the president of a school board. In 1962, he was nominated to be the Senator of Georgia, and won, and then was re-elected in 1964.
Then in 1970, instead he ran for Governor of Georgia, and won. He focused on ending racial segregation, which was a surprise for his followers, who were Democratic, fyi. He then prepared for the 1976 presidential election, he had little chance, mostly because he wasn’t really recognized by the rest of the country.
But actually he won against Gerald Ford, with the votes in the electoral college 297-240. He’s the first president from the Deep South, since President James Polk in 1848.
While serving as president, he did quite a lot of things. He added two new Cabinets, the Department of Energy and Department of Education. Returned the Panama Canal back to Panama.
He also continued the “Strategic Arms Limitation Talks” with the Soviet Union(U.S.S.R.), these talks were about both countries discussing in putting down their weapons. The Cold War was actually re-escalated after the attack in Afghanistan, and it was an unpopular move.
One of the most remembered things during his presidency, was the Iran Hostage Crisis, lasting from 1979-81. When Iranian students captured the U.S. Embassy in Tehran. 52 American diplomats and citizens held hostage for 444 days in Iran.
Iran Hostage Crisis
But when Ronald Reagan came into office in January 20, 1981, the crisis immediately ended. Although President Carter’s was popular in his early days, by the time of the next presidential election, he lost to Ronald Reagan.
Jimmy Carter then moved on to aiming World Peace, in 2002, he was awarded a Nobel Peace Prize, “for his decades of untiring effort to find peace solutions to international conflicts, to advance democracy and human rights, and to promote economic and social development.”
Carter is still around today, as of 2017, and is still married to Rosalynn Carter, who is also still alive. He organized the Carter Center, with his wife Rosalynn, where they promote human rights causes.
I hope you liked this essay about the 39th President James(Jimmy) Carter.

President John F. Kennedy

John(Jack) Fitzgerald Kennedy, the United States 35th president, is today’s history topic. Kennedy was born in 1917, with 8 siblings, his parents Joe and Rose Kennedy were quite wealthy, so Kennedy grew up in a well place.
John F. Kennedy
He attended high school in Connecticut, was quite mischievous growing up, and then entered Harvard College. While still attending college, and because of his family’s connections, he was able to meet some of the leaders from the Middle East and Europe.
Franklin D. Roosevelt, the 32nd president of the United States, named Joe Kennedy(JFK’s father) as the ambassador of London. And Kennedy would usually served as his father’s representative.
Kennedy graduated from Harvard in 1940, he studied international affairs. He also wrote a thesis on England during World War II, and became a best-selling book.
After Harvard, Kennedy couldn’t join the army, because of some medical disorder he had, so he joined the Navy instead. He worked as an ensign in the office of Secretary of the Navy, till Pearl Harbor was attacked. He then joined the fight and commanded a small gunboat in the Pacific Ocean.
Then Kennedy was discharged, because of a back injury he got, and shortly after he was discharged, the Japanese surrendered in 1945.
After the war, he joined politics, and was able to get a seat in the House of Representative of Massachusetts in 1947. After serving 6 years in the House, he beat Henry Lodge Jr. and became the Senator of Massachusetts(1953-1960).
In the same year, he marries Jacqueline(Jackie) Bouvier, together they had 5 children, unfortunately only 2 survived till adulthood.
Jacqueline(Jackie) Bouvier
In 1960, Kennedy ran for the Democratic nominee for president. And because of his status, serving in the Senate as well as being in the navy, his family’s background, and great oratory skills, he easily won the election, and became the 35th President of the United States.
He is also known as the youngest man ever elected as president, only being 43 years old. Also, he and his management was known as the Camelot Era.
While being president, he was also recognized as “celebrity”, he and Jackie were known for wearing/using the latest fashion trends. They were involved in using the television more, which was a new technology back then, and they even refurnished the White House while staying there.
Kennedy involved himself with the Berlin Wall, in 1963. He gave a speech criticizing the Berlin Wall, and supporting West Berlin with the U.S. support.
Cuba, who had a communist rebel, under Fidel Castro in the 1950s, became a problem to the United States. Both Eisenhower(president before Kennedy) and Kennedy was scared that communism was too close to America, so they brought up a rebellion against Fidel Castro.
The plan, Bay of Pigs Invasion, acted in 1961 with 1,500 trained U.S. Cuban soldiers attacked at the Bay of Pigs in Cuba. Unfortunately, in just 2 days, they were all defeated, and Kennedy had to work up $53,000,000(53-million dollars) to get their soldiers back.
Bay of Pigs Invasion
Also during Kennedy’s presidency was the Space Race, it was not really a “race”, but it’s called that. The U.S. tried to beat the Soviet Union in sending up a satellite to space. But the Soviet Union was the first country to sent up a satellite in space, the Sputnik 1, and it was the first major time the Soviet Union actually beat the U.S.
So the U.S. was worried, that if the Soviet Union can actually sent up a satellite faster the Americans, then what other technology can they have up in their sleeve.
Well, the U.S. was working on something, and tried to sent up a satellite, but failed, this made the Americans worry even more. So Eisenhower established NASA(National Aeronautics and Space Administration), and Kennedy announced in 1962 that they’ll sent a man on the moon.
So 7 years later, in 1969, the Apollo 11 landed on the moon. And Neil Alden Armstrong was the first man to set foot on the moon, and his famous quote “One small step for man, one giant leap for mankind”.
Neil Armstrong
Now Kennedy was a good president, except for the fail in the Bay of Pigs Invasion, but not all presidents are perfect. Kennedy had a tragic ending, in 1963, while visiting Dallas,Texas, in an open-air limousine, he was assassinated.
The guy who was arrested for the murder was Lee Harvey Oswald, later researchers found that they were more than just one shooter at the location. But as of now, Lee Oswald is known as the killer. But he denied it, and never made it to his trial, because he was then killed by a Texan, Jack Ruby.
Today, we still don’t know the full truth of the Kennedy’s assassination, either Oswald worked alone or not. But following Kennedy’s death, the next president, Lyndon Johnson, was not as popular as Kennedy was with the public.
I hope you liked this essay, I had fun learning about Kennedy and the Space Race, and I hope you enjoyed it also.

Korean War

RonPaulCurriculum 8th Grade History Essay

So after World War II in 1945, Korea had their own problems during the 1950s. Before I talk about the Korean War, United Nation(U.N.) was a big part during this war.

The United Nations(U.N.) was an intergovernmental organization, organized on October 24, 1945. It was made to replace the League of Nations, that wasn’t working very well. When the U.N. first started, it had only 51 countries as members, now it has 193 countries, where each countries will fund it to keep it running.

So back to Korea. Korea was under the Japanese rule for a long time, till the end of World War II, where the Allied Forces freed them, but part of this liberation, both the Soviet Union and the American forces entered the country.

But because Korea was controlled by the Japanese for so long, they didn’t really have a government to go back to. So the U.N. decided to temporarily divide the country with the 38th parallel, a latitude line, just until the country gets better.

38th parallel line

Well, the two sides had a vote on what kind of government they should run. And both sides had very different opinions, and they couldn’t work together. South Korea wanted a democratic government and North Korea favored Communism.

So when 1950 came around, North Korea, who was supported by the Soviet Union and China, attacked South Korea, hoping the reunite the country. After this attack, the U.N. interfered with this problem, so they started sending supplies and troops.

And because the United States was the strongest country in the U.N. it provided 80% of all the aid.

Just in 3 months after the attack, the North Koreans were able to push the South Koreans to a small land called Pusan. They were almost pushed off their land, until U.S. General Douglas MacArthur had this plan called the Inchon Landing.

His plan was to lead a land/water invasion into the city Inchon, right under the 38th parallel, and this invasion cut off all supply lines to North Korea, and totally changed the way of battle.

During the next months, it’s just been back and forth with the territories, and not really accomplishing anything. Then they were aerial fights, in the Korean war, it was the first time they used jets in battle.

North Korea was backed up by China, while South Korea was helped by the United Nations, and nothing happened for awhile, just small battles. Till they agreed on a ceasefire on July in 1953, but no treaty was ever signed.

Now South Korea is now a well-working country, they are the world’s sixth leading global city, with the fourth largest economy, and seventh most sustainable city in the world. So yeah, South Korea been doing really good.

While North Korea, on the other hand, stayed with a communist government, and has not developed technologically, and holds no relations to other countries. Since the Korean War, they have not been doing very well.

Well, I hope you liked this essay, it’s really sad what war can result to, although some may be good, but the lives lost cannot be repaid.

World War II

RonPaulCurriculum 8th Grade History Essay

Okay so today I’ll talk about World War II, I also did an essay on World War I, you can check that out here.

World War II was a very harsh war, lasting from 1939-1945, a lot of lives were lost and it costed a lot of money. Most of the same countries that fought in World War I, fought in World War II.

The war started when Hitler attacked Poland, and the Allied Forces(France and Britain) declared war on Germany. Also in World War II Japan joined with Germany and Italy, which formed the Axis powers, who fought against the Allied Forces(which is everyone else).

I’ll first talk about the war in Europe, and the battles. There was the Battle of the Atlantic, that lasted the throughout war, where Germany had submarines and battleships to sink any supply ships that came for Britain and France.

In Europe, Germany’s next target was France, although France thought they were safe behind the Maginot Line. Which was a defence line bordering on their border and Germany’s, but the Netherlands and Belgium wasn’t bordered. So Germany conquered the Netherlands, Belgium, and France in about a month.

Maginot Line

Also, during this time Germany adopted a new way fighting, they called the blitzkrieg. Which means “lightning war”, where there would be short attacks, but strong ones.

Germany who conquered Poland, the Netherlands, Belgium, and France, and had an alliance with Italy, Bulgaria, Hungary, and Romania, wanted more. Especially the Soviet Union(aka Russia) and Great Britain, who were the strongest countries in Europe at that time.

And so, Germany sent out bombers to bomb Britain, this happened from 1940-1941, it damaged the country a lot, but Britain didn’t give in.

Bombing in England

Since Britain didn’t really work out for Hitler, he then declared a war on the U.S.S.R. . On 1941, Operation Barbarossa attacked the Soviet Union, with almost 4 million soldiers. They almost took over the capital city, Moscow, but retreated because of the weather during the winter, and the resistance of the Russian army.

Operation Barbarossa

The total casualties of this battle was 1 million for the Germans and about 4 million on the Soviet Union. This operation is one of the deadliest in American History, and it was the first time Hitler had a major defeat.

Then during 1942, the Allied Forces started to become stronger, with some famous generals like, Dwight Eisenhower, Omar Bradley, George Patton, and Henry Arnold leading them.

Now I’ll talk about the war in the Pacific theater with America and Japan.

During World War II, Japan joined with Germany, and has been expanding a lot. It wasn’t until Japan attacked Pearl Harbor, where America joined World War II, and fought against Japan.

Japan took over some Southeast Asian countries, Cambodia, Vietnam, Bangladesh, Singapore, Indonesia, and Malaysia. So yeah, Japan was pretty big.

Japanese Empire

So in December 7th, 1941, they sent their air force and navy to attack Pearl Harbor, Hawaii. Although Hawaii wasn’t a proper U.S. state, it was occupied by U.S. citizens. And only the day after this attack, that killed almost 2,500 Americans, the U.S. declared war on Japan. At the same time President Franklin D. Roosevelt gave a speech called, a “Day that would live in infamy”.

The Battle of Singapore, was one of the major defeat for the British army. Where Japan invaded Singapore, and 85,000 British soldiers had to surrender to the Japanese. These soldiers were taken to POW(prisoners of war) camps, and were treated pretty harsh.

In May of 1942, the Battle of the Coral Sea took place. It was the first victory the Allies had against Japan. It was a naval/aerial battle, it was mostly aircraft carriers, and the planes would drop bombs on the ships.

Only a month later the Battle of Midway, another naval war took place, this was a major victory for the Americans. They lost one ship and 350 Americans, while Japan lost 4 carriers and 3,000 men, this was the first major naval defeat for the Japanese since 1863.

One of the last battles to take place was the Battle of Iwo Jima, and was one of the hardest battle in American history. This battle lasted five weeks in 1945, Iwo Jima was an island owned by the Japanese with 22,000 soldiers on the island, and the Allies with 70,000 soldiers.

Because the Japanese soldiers were low on supplies, they had to surrender. 300 Japanese soldiers captured, while the other 3,000 were able avoid getting captured. The Americans suffered almost 25,000 casualties. There is also a famous monument in Washington D.C. honoring the Battle of Iwo Jima.

Iwo Jima Monument

Because this war has been going on for a while, the U.S. wanted to put an end to it, so during the same time, scientist were developing a new kind of bomb. We call now, atomic bombs. So because President Roosevelt died in 1945, he was succeeded by the Vice President, President Harry Truman.

President Truman was the one who agreed with dropping an atomic bomb on the Japanese civilian city, Hiroshima on August 6th, 1945, hoping that Japan will surrender. But they didn’t, three days later, they dropped another one on the city of, Nagasaki. And the day after that, Japan finally surrendered to the U.S. and World War II came to a stop.

Bombing on Hiroshima & Nagasaki

World War II was one of the bloodiest war in all of history, it costed a lot of money, with $1,000,000,000,000(one-trillion dollars), but this is in the 1940 dollars. Today because of inflation, it would’ve costed a lot more. And the total of about 55,000,000(fifty-five million) lives were lost in this devastating war.

Thanks for reading, and I hope you liked this essay.

President Wilson

RonPaulCurriculum 8th Grade History Essay 

Today I’ll talk about America’s 28th president, Thomas Woodrow Wilson. Born in 1856 in Virginia, went to Davidson College, then transferred to Princeton and graduated there in 1879.

Then he attended the University of Virginia’s law school and graduated, he then graduated from John Hopkins University with a doctorate, and it’s said, no other president held a doctorate degree.

Well, with this, Wilson taught at some local colleges till he was hired at Princeton in 1890. He served as a professor till he was selected to be the president of Princeton. So during 1902-1910 he served as president of Princeton, and while being president, he was pretty popular.

He left Princeton and served as New Jersey’s governor, and worked to make it better. In 1912, he recieved the Democratic nomination for president, and because the republican nominees were split between Roosevelt and Taft, he surprisingly won the election.

During his presidency he expanded the government, and he added 2 new Cabinet departments, the Commerce(1913) and Labor(1913). He also passed 4 new Amendments, 16th-19th amendments.

When World War I started in 1914, he tried his hardest to keep America out of the war, even when the Germans sank a british ship that carried American citizens.

When the next election came in 1916, he used the slogan “He kept us out of war” and because most Americans didn’t want to get in the war, they re-elected him.

But in 1917, the United States joined the war hoping to stop it, and it wasn’t until the next year in 1918 World War I finally ended. One of the most important article he added to the Versailles Treaty was his “Fourteen Points”.

A year after WWI he suffered a stroke and was partially paralyzed, and his second wife helped with some of his tasks. During his presidency, he refused to sign the Treaty of Versailles and didn’t join the League of Nations.

A few laws that were passed during his presidency were:

  • Federal Reserve Act
  • Federal Farm Loan Act
  • Railway Labor Act
  • Organized Federal Trade Commission
  • Clayton Antitrust Act
  • Espionage and Sedition Acts

After leaving the White House in 1921, he lived in Washington D.C., he and a partner started a law firm. He died on February 3rd, 1924 at the age of 67 and buried in the Washington National Cathedral.

Although President Wilson did keep us out of war during the first half, but he passed many laws that gave the Federal Government more power, and also passed harsh laws during his presidency.