RonPaulCurriculum History Grades 6-8 History was my favorite subject, and the teacher made the videos entertaining, and the comprehension sheets that I had to answer was fun.
George W. Bush, 43rd President of the United States, son of the 41rst President of the United States, George H. W. Bush. George W. Bush and George H. W. Bush are the second father-son presidents since John Adams and John Q. Adams.
George Walker Bush born in July of 1946, was the first son of George H. W. Bush and Barbara Bush. Grew up in Texas, where George H. W. Bush started an oil company, which made him rich. The family moved to Houston, and W. Bush went to a preparatory school for 2 years, then went to a boarding school in Massachusetts. There he played on the baseball team and was the leader of the cheerleader team.
After graduating, he got accepted to Yale, getting a Bachelor of Arts in History, and then got a Master of Business Administration in 1975.
Bush worked in the Texas Air National Guard in May of 1968, and spent two years in training, then was assigned to Houston. He then enlisted in the Alabama Air National Guard and was finally discharged in 1974.
In 1977, he met Laura Welch, a school teacher, and librarian. Before he met Laura, he was an alcoholic for a bit, but when he married Laura, he joined the United Methodist Church and became better. Only three months after meeting, Bush proposed, and they got married later that year. They had twin daughters on November 25, 1981, Barbara and Jenna.
Bush first ran for House of Representative but failed. So he bought a portion of the Texas Rangers baseball franchise, and also managed his father’s presidency campaign. The Texas Rangers baseball team was doing really well because of him, and he soon became the leader. He also gained a status as a great businessman.
He then tried again with politics, this time running for governor of Texas in 1994. Because of his success with the baseball team, and his family’s background, he was able to defeat the incumbent Ann Richards. He focused on education, reducing the crime rate, welfare, and tort reform.
In 1999 he tried his luck and ran for president with Dick Cheney as his vice president. The 2000 presidential election was really close, Bush lost the popular vote but won the electoral vote. And because of his win in the electoral vote, he won the election.
Eight months after this election, the 9/11 terrorist attacks occurred. After these attacks, Bush declared the “War of Terror”, which was a war on Afghanistan. Then in 2003, he declared war with Iraq.
The war with Afghanistan is the longest war yet for America. In 2011, there has peace talks with the country, and in 2014, all the American troops in Afghanistan returned, just leaving a small group until 2016.
In 2007, the housing market bubble popped, it was one of the biggest drop in the U.S . It didn’t get better, and people started calling it the Great Recession, which takes from the “Great Depression”. The economy finally started to recover in 2011, 4 years after.
The George W. Bush administration was different, mostly because they had control of both the Houses of Congress and Presidency. And in this administration both House and Senate were both Republicans, and made some of the worst decisions. Usually one will be mostly Democratic and the other Republican, to balance things out.
In conclusion, this is the last history essay for the 8th grade, I had a lot of fun learning. This course started from 1754 with the Seven Years War to now. You can look at my past essays, I have my 6th(i think) and 7th grade history essays if you to wanted you read them :P.
One of the worst disasters in America was the 9/11 terrorist attack. 9/11 happened on September 11, 2001, when planes were hijacked and flew into the World Trade Center Towers. With a count of 2,996 deaths and over 6,000 injured. As of now, we still don’t know the true story behind the 9/11 attacks.
Four planes were hijacked, and all them were headed towards California. American Airlines flight 11, United Airlines flight 175, American Airlines flight 77, and United Airlines flight 93, were hijacked. Sadly no survivors from any of the crashes survived.
American Airlines Flight 11 was the first to be hijacked at 8:15 AM. As it headed to Los Angeles, California, it was redirected to New York City, where it crashed into the North Tower of the World Trade Center at 8:46 AM.
First crash, North Tower
Just after the first crash, news traveled fast, and 17 mins later United Airlines Flight 175 flew into the South Tower of the World Trade Center. This plane left Boston and was headed to LA, but redirected to New York City. It actually missed the tower, and had to turn around and crashed into the Tower at 9:03 AM.
Second crash, South Tower
After this second crash, the Federal Aviation Administration(FAA), ordered the landing of all flights and closed all U.S. airspace. This messed up all the flight schedules, so a whole new schedule had to be made because of this. President Bush was put under high protection and moved to a few places to avoid any assassination attempts.
American Airlines Flight 77 was another hijacked plane, but this one headed towards the Pentagon. The headquarters of the United States Department of Defense, located in Virginia. Flight 77 departed from Washington D.C., hijacked and turned around half an hour later, heading towards the Pentagon. And at 9:37 AM it crashed creating a fire and a result of 184 deaths.
After this third crash, the U.S. was basically closed down. All schools and government buildings were closed down for the whole day.
9:59 AM, when the South Tower, the second hit, collapsed 56 mins after the crash. Killing anyone inside the building and causing smoke all over New York City.
South Tower Collapsing
At 10:58 AM, the North Tower, the first crash, also collapsed creating another cloud of smoke all over New York City. Other than the North and South Tower, World Trade Center Towers 4, 5, 6, and 7 all caught on fire from the first two crashes. And World Trade Center 7 was only of the four to collapse from the fire.
United Airlines Flight 93, was the last crash that occurred in 9/11. But, when this plane was hijacked, the passengers took control and overthrew the terrorists. But not knowing how to fly a plane, it crashed at 10:03 AM in Pennsylvania, and no survivors survived the crash.
Fires continued to burn in New York and the recovery of any survivors continued to the next few days. The U.S. was surprised and was in mourn for the people who didn’t survive the attack and many people didn’t go to work or school for days.
Osama bin Laden, the founder of the Al-Qaeda group, was accused of the terrorist attacks of 9/11. It wasn’t until three years later, the Al-Qaeda group claimed responsibility for the attacks.
And because of all the evidence the government collected was never shared publicly, people started conspiracies.
After the attacks, President Bush requested that Afghanistan gives up Al-Qaeda who were hiding in Afghanistan. But they refused, and the U.S. declared war on Afghanistan in October 2001, and it is the longest war in American history.
So after World War II in 1945, Korea had their own problems during the 1950s. Before I talk about the Korean War, United Nation(U.N.) was a big part during this war.
The United Nations(U.N.) was an intergovernmental organization, organized on October 24, 1945. It was made to replace the League of Nations, that wasn’t working very well. When the U.N. first started, it had only 51 countries as members, now it has 193 countries, where each countries will fund it to keep it running.
So back to Korea. Korea was under the Japanese rule for a long time, till the end of World War II, where the Allied Forces freed them, but part of this liberation, both the Soviet Union and the American forces entered the country.
But because Korea was controlled by the Japanese for so long, they didn’t really have a government to go back to. So the U.N. decided to temporarily divide the country with the 38th parallel, a latitude line, just until the country gets better.
38th parallel line
Well, the two sides had a vote on what kind of government they should run. And both sides had very different opinions, and they couldn’t work together. South Korea wanted a democratic government and North Korea favored Communism.
So when 1950 came around, North Korea, who was supported by the Soviet Union and China, attacked South Korea, hoping the reunite the country. After this attack, the U.N. interfered with this problem, so they started sending supplies and troops.
And because the United States was the strongest country in the U.N. it provided 80% of all the aid.
Just in 3 months after the attack, the North Koreans were able to push the South Koreans to a small land called Pusan. They were almost pushed off their land, until U.S. General Douglas MacArthur had this plan called the Inchon Landing.
His plan was to lead a land/water invasion into the city Inchon, right under the 38th parallel, and this invasion cut off all supply lines to North Korea, and totally changed the way of battle.
During the next months, it’s just been back and forth with the territories, and not really accomplishing anything. Then they were aerial fights, in the Korean war, it was the first time they used jets in battle.
North Korea was backed up by China, while South Korea was helped by the United Nations, and nothing happened for awhile, just small battles. Till they agreed on a ceasefire on July in 1953, but no treaty was ever signed.
Now South Korea is now a well-working country, they are the world’s sixth leading global city, with the fourth largest economy, and seventh most sustainable city in the world. So yeah, South Korea been doing really good.
While North Korea, on the other hand, stayed with a communist government, and has not developed technologically, and holds no relations to other countries. Since the Korean War, they have not been doing very well.
Well, I hope you liked this essay, it’s really sad what war can result to, although some may be good, but the lives lost cannot be repaid.
Okay so today I’ll talk about World War II, I also did an essay on World War I, you can check that out here.
World War II was a very harsh war, lasting from 1939-1945, a lot of lives were lost and it costed a lot of money. Most of the same countries that fought in World War I, fought in World War II.
The war started when Hitler attacked Poland, and the Allied Forces(France and Britain) declared war on Germany. Also in World War II Japan joined with Germany and Italy, which formed the Axis powers, who fought against the Allied Forces(which is everyone else).
I’ll first talk about the war in Europe, and the battles. There was the Battle of the Atlantic, that lasted the throughout war, where Germany had submarines and battleships to sink any supply ships that came for Britain and France.
In Europe, Germany’s next target was France, although France thought they were safe behind the Maginot Line. Which was a defence line bordering on their border and Germany’s, but the Netherlands and Belgium wasn’t bordered. So Germany conquered the Netherlands, Belgium, and France in about a month.
Also, during this time Germany adopted a new way fighting, they called the blitzkrieg. Which means “lightning war”, where there would be short attacks, but strong ones.
Germany who conquered Poland, the Netherlands, Belgium, and France, and had an alliance with Italy, Bulgaria, Hungary, and Romania, wanted more. Especially the Soviet Union(aka Russia) and Great Britain, who were the strongest countries in Europe at that time.
And so, Germany sent out bombers to bomb Britain, this happened from 1940-1941, it damaged the country a lot, but Britain didn’t give in.
Bombing in England
Since Britain didn’t really work out for Hitler, he then declared a war on the U.S.S.R. . On 1941, Operation Barbarossa attacked the Soviet Union, with almost 4 million soldiers. They almost took over the capital city, Moscow, but retreated because of the weather during the winter, and the resistance of the Russian army.
The total casualties of this battle was 1 million for the Germans and about 4 million on the Soviet Union. This operation is one of the deadliest in American History, and it was the first time Hitler had a major defeat.
Then during 1942, the Allied Forces started to become stronger, with some famous generals like, Dwight Eisenhower, Omar Bradley, George Patton, and Henry Arnold leading them.
Now I’ll talk about the war in the Pacific theater with America and Japan.
During World War II, Japan joined with Germany, and has been expanding a lot. It wasn’t until Japan attacked Pearl Harbor, where America joined World War II, and fought against Japan.
Japan took over some Southeast Asian countries, Cambodia, Vietnam, Bangladesh, Singapore, Indonesia, and Malaysia. So yeah, Japan was pretty big.
So in December 7th, 1941, they sent their air force and navy to attack Pearl Harbor, Hawaii. Although Hawaii wasn’t a proper U.S. state, it was occupied by U.S. citizens. And only the day after this attack, that killed almost 2,500 Americans, the U.S. declared war on Japan. At the same time President Franklin D. Roosevelt gave a speech called, a “Day that would live in infamy”.
The Battle of Singapore, was one of the major defeat for the British army. Where Japan invaded Singapore, and 85,000 British soldiers had to surrender to the Japanese. These soldiers were taken to POW(prisoners of war) camps, and were treated pretty harsh.
In May of 1942, the Battle of the Coral Sea took place. It was the first victory the Allies had against Japan. It was a naval/aerial battle, it was mostly aircraft carriers, and the planes would drop bombs on the ships.
Only a month later the Battle of Midway, another naval war took place, this was a major victory for the Americans. They lost one ship and 350 Americans, while Japan lost 4 carriers and 3,000 men, this was the first major naval defeat for the Japanese since 1863.
One of the last battles to take place was the Battle of Iwo Jima, and was one of the hardest battle in American history. This battle lasted five weeks in 1945, Iwo Jima was an island owned by the Japanese with 22,000 soldiers on the island, and the Allies with 70,000 soldiers.
Because the Japanese soldiers were low on supplies, they had to surrender. 300 Japanese soldiers captured, while the other 3,000 were able avoid getting captured. The Americans suffered almost 25,000 casualties. There is also a famous monument in Washington D.C. honoring the Battle of Iwo Jima.
Iwo Jima Monument
Because this war has been going on for a while, the U.S. wanted to put an end to it, so during the same time, scientist were developing a new kind of bomb. We call now, atomic bombs. So because President Roosevelt died in 1945, he was succeeded by the Vice President, President Harry Truman.
President Truman was the one who agreed with dropping an atomic bomb on the Japanese civilian city, Hiroshima on August 6th, 1945, hoping that Japan will surrender. But they didn’t, three days later, they dropped another one on the city of, Nagasaki. And the day after that, Japan finally surrendered to the U.S. and World War II came to a stop.
Bombing on Hiroshima & Nagasaki
World War II was one of the bloodiest war in all of history, it costed a lot of money, with $1,000,000,000,000(one-trillion dollars), but this is in the 1940 dollars. Today because of inflation, it would’ve costed a lot more. And the total of about 55,000,000(fifty-five million) lives were lost in this devastating war.
Thanks for reading, and I hope you liked this essay.