The Great Depression

RonPaulCurriculum 8th Grade History Essay 

For this essay, I’ll talk about the Great Depression. The Great Depression was an economic downfall, not just in America, it was worldwide in Africa, Europe, Asia, Australia, and South America. Today I’ll just talk about the Great Depression in America. During the 1920s, was a good time, it’s also known as the Roaring 20s. But in 1929 the financial market crashed, leading to poverty, starvation, and homelessness.
 
The Great Depression lasted a decade from 1929-1939, during this President Herbert Hoover was in office. He didn’t do much to try to turn back the economy, cause he thought it’ll just fix itself. In 1929 there was about 3 million people unemployed, but by 1932 it was about 12.5 million unemployed.
 
Other than the Great Depression, in the 1930s, there was the Dust Bowl, where there were horrible droughts and dust storms. Many people from the Oklahoma, Kansas, Arkansas, and other nearby states, was forced to move to places that were not affected by this drought.
 
Another thing that happened during the 1930s was crime, organized crime. I’ll first talk about Al Capone. Al Capone was a gang member in Chicago, he and his gang members smuggled alcohol in their boots, which gave them the nickname “bootleggers”. They disobeyed the 18th amendment that stated that alcohol was not allowed to be sold in America.
 
Anyways, Al Capone was a friend of the mayor and police, so he was not easily caught. And he sometimes gave free soup and bread to those who were unemployed, and became quite popular.
 
But when the “Saint Valentine’s Day Massacre” happened, where Al Capone’s men killed the rival gangs, he was finally caught and was sentenced for 11 years, and was on trial for not paying his taxes, since they couldn’t find anything else to put him on trial.
 
There were other criminals and gangs, like John Dillinger, Bonnie and Clyde, Baby Face Nelson, Pretty Boy Floyd, and the Barker Gang.
 
The next thing I’ll talk about is the police who catched these criminals, the Bureau of Investigation(BOI). The BOI was founded in 1908 and worked on solving hard cases and catching dangerous criminals.
 
During the Great Depression, J. Edgar Hoover was the director of the BOI and were successful in catching these gangs. Because of this, they expanded and became what is known today as the Federal Bureau of Investigation(FBI).
 
Another thing I want to talk about is Franklin D. Roosevelt who served during the Great Depression, from 1933-1945. He was the only president to serve for more than 2 terms. Roosevelt actually did something to fix the Great Depression, other than Hoover who thought the economy would fix itself.
 
Roosevelt passed 21st amendment, that was made to repeal the 18th prohibition amendment, which was the cause of some of the organized crime that has been going on. He also came up with the New Deal, which was work programs, that he hoped will fix the economy. And it did. Roosevelt now is known as an important figure in American History.
 
The Great Depression was a very sad and unlucky time, a lot of people were unemployed, starving, and much more crime happened. And right after the Great Depression, World War II started, they said that the Great Depression was the cause of this war, but why would people who could barely feed themselves start a war, wouldn’t that make things worse.
 
But anyways, I hoped you liked this essay, and please give feedback if necessary.
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