Today I’ll talk about America’s 28th president, Thomas Woodrow Wilson. Born in 1856 in Virginia, went to Davidson College, then transferred to Princeton and graduated there in 1879.
Then he attended the University of Virginia’s law school and graduated, he then graduated from John Hopkins University with a doctorate, and it’s said, no other president held a doctorate degree.
Well, with this, Wilson taught at some local colleges till he was hired at Princeton in 1890. He served as a professor till he was selected to be the president of Princeton. So during 1902-1910 he served as president of Princeton, and while being president, he was pretty popular.
He left Princeton and served as New Jersey’s governor, and worked to make it better. In 1912, he recieved the Democratic nomination for president, and because the republican nominees were split between Roosevelt and Taft, he surprisingly won the election.
During his presidency he expanded the government, and he added 2 new Cabinet departments, the Commerce(1913) and Labor(1913). He also passed 4 new Amendments, 16th-19th amendments.
When World War I started in 1914, he tried his hardest to keep America out of the war, even when the Germans sank a british ship that carried American citizens.
When the next election came in 1916, he used the slogan “He kept us out of war” and because most Americans didn’t want to get in the war, they re-elected him.
But in 1917, the United States joined the war hoping to stop it, and it wasn’t until the next year in 1918 World War I finally ended. One of the most important article he added to the Versailles Treaty was his “Fourteen Points”.
A year after WWI he suffered a stroke and was partially paralyzed, and his second wife helped with some of his tasks. During his presidency, he refused to sign the Treaty of Versailles and didn’t join the League of Nations.
A few laws that were passed during his presidency were:
- Federal Reserve Act
- Federal Farm Loan Act
- Railway Labor Act
- Organized Federal Trade Commission
- Clayton Antitrust Act
- Espionage and Sedition Acts
After leaving the White House in 1921, he lived in Washington D.C., he and a partner started a law firm. He died on February 3rd, 1924 at the age of 67 and buried in the Washington National Cathedral.
Although President Wilson did keep us out of war during the first half, but he passed many laws that gave the Federal Government more power, and also passed harsh laws during his presidency.