Today for history I will be talking about the Texas Revolution. I was about write about the California Gold Rush, but my brother already called it, so I’m doing the Texas Revolution. The Texas Revolution started October 1835 and ended in April 1836. It lasted only for about half a year and Texas did eventually gain their independence in the end.
Before the Texas Revolution, Texas was part of Mexico who was part of Spain, until 1821, Mexico finally left the jurisdiction of Spain. Texas was called “Spanish Texas” and it was populated by the Mexicans, Americans, and Native Americans.
Before the revolution, and after the Mexico gained independence, the Mexican Empire allowed 300 Americans to move in. They hoped by having more settlers it’ll lower the rates of Indian raids and populate Texas. But as time goes on, more and more American settlers moved in, and soon enough, the government was even outnumbered. So in 1830, the President of Mexican said no more immigrants from America, and the local government, also called the Empresarios, got frustrated.
In 1832, the Empresarios held the Convention, which will eventually lead up to the Texas Revolution. At this point there were, 30,000 American Texans and only 7,800 Mexican Texans.
In 1834, the Mexican President, Antonio Lopez de Santa Anna, forced some policies on Texas, and the Texans were on a verge of war. Santa Anna sent his brother-in-law, General Cos, to go see if the Texans are actually rebelling. So when he arrived, he didn’t really get a chance to meet them, and he was actually asked by one of the Mexican Forts to get a canon that they loaned to the Texans and retrieve it. But the Texans weren’t in a condition to give it back, and this led to the Battle of Gonzales, in October 1835.
100 men went to retrieve the canon, but noticed that they couldn’t cross the Gonzales River, so they waited, while they waited, other Texans came to join the fight. After this skirmish the Mexicans pulled back, and it ended with only 3 casualties, 2 on one and 1 one the other side. And the Texans were determined to separate.
The biggest battle of the Texas Revolution was the Battle of Alamo in February 1836, the Texans already declared their independence in January. Although the President, Santa Anna, did not want this, so he came with his army.
The Alamo was a small Catholic Church near San Antonio, the old capital. There were 100 men stationed here and Santa Anna arrived on February 23rd with 1,500 men, and he was reinforced with over 1,000 men during the battle. There were some fires back and forth, and the Texans had to send a messenger for reinforcements. Then on March 6th, the Mexicans advanced forward, and the Texans inside the Alamo knew they had no chance, but fought boldly. In the end, between 125-250 Texans died, compared to 400-600 Mexicans.
The Alamo today is still there, and now it’s a monument for all those people who fought bravely in the Texas Revolution.
Now after the Battle of Alamo, it actually made more people want to join the army, so Sam Huston, the leader of the Texan Army, recruited more people. When Santa Anna heard of this, he wanted to face them immediately, so he organized an army and set-off to find Sam Huston. He stopped at the San Jacinto River to wait for reinforcements, and when the reinforcements came, the Texans attacked the day after, April 21, which surprised the Mexicans.
This battle only lasted 18 mins, and Santa Anna was captured and was forced to sign a treaty with Sam Huston or be killed. These treaties were called the Treaties of Velasco, it had two treaties, the first was an agreement to return the prisoners of war, and second was an agreement that Mexico was never to attack Texans in exchange for Santa Anna’s life.
And so, Texas gained their independence, and became the Republic of Texas.