History of the Middle East

RonPaulCurriculum History Essay Week 35

The Middle East was located around the Tigris and Euphrates River. The “Fertile Crescent” was where the civilization started. Iraq, Saudi Arabia, Turkey, Israel, Jordan, Syria, and Iran all started in the “Fertile Crescent”.

During the 1500 years, from 1000 BC – 500 AD, most of the Middle East were ruled by 4 different empires.

  • Persia
  • Alexander the Great
  • Parthia
  • Rome

Most of the culture of the Middle East is based on a religion that started in the 7th century AD, Islam.

The Roman Empire that had controlled most of civilization became to fall apart in 300 AD, by 500 AD the only thing left was the Eastern Roman Empire. Called the Byzantine Empire, which lasted a millennium.

Muslim caliphates began to spreading to the Byzantine Empire. The old Persian Empire was revived by a Muslim group called, Khwarizm Shah.

In the 1750’s the Middle East is in control by the Ottoman Empire, and Iran has changed many time during the last thousand years.

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