Galileo Galilei

RonPaulCurriculum History Essay Week 27

Galileo was an Italian scientist, who made several important discoveries. He helped the development of the field of astronomy. He improved the telescope and found Jupiter’s moons. But he is best remembered for his development of the heliocentric views of the universe.

He was born in 1564, in Pisa, Italy, he was the eldest of 6 children, was the son of a famous composer, and was educated at a Jesuit monastery. He learned a lot from his father, including how to play the flute. Then moved on and learned about medicine at the University of Pisa.

At the university, he was supposed to study about medicine, because being a doctor was a high paying job. But he accidentally sat in a geometry class, and then begged his father to let him pursue mathematics. Galileo was the first scientist to combine experiment, theories, and mathematics to the science of motion.

After studying about Copernicus’s work and doing his own research, he started the heliocentric view, which was that the sun is in the middle not Earth.

The church didn’t agree with Galileo, and the church saw his writings as a violation of the Council of Trent, and Galileo was condemned as a heretic and put on house arrest for the rest of his life, and his teachings were banned.

Galileo died in 1642 at the age of 77, and the ban of his teachings were eventually lifted. He was remembered as one of the greatest scientist of all time.

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