This week I learned about the famous philosopher Aristotle. Today’s first history question is “Why was Aristotle a significant figure?”. Aristotle, born in Stagira, Chalcidice, on 384 BC, is an ancient Greek philosopher and scientist. He’s partly famous because of his writing works, each having a different genre, some including about physics, biology, poetry, aesthetics, government, theater, and much more.
When he turned 17 or 18, he attended Plato’s Academy in Athens. In the academy Aristotle was an excellent student, he had a passion for learning, but unfortunately, he disagreed with some things that Plato believed in. So he left the school and in 335 BC he started his own school, naming it Lyceum.
Aristotle studied a lot of subjects at the same time. He also tried to classify animals by characteristics but found faults in his theories, so instead, he then classified them by either having red blood cells or not. Although his theory was wrong, it wasn’t found out to be wrong till hundreds of years later. He was also interested in marine biology, and dissected them and wrote a book about it, and was described as pretty accurate. He also touched on earth sciences, specifically meteorology.
He has around 200 works, but unfortunately, only about 30 survived. It is said that Aristotle, Plato, and Socrates are the ones who found western philosophy. Aristotle is a famous historical figure, and his works are still used and set as an example years after his time.
Now we’re moving from Aristotle to Sparta. The second question is, “What was the Spartan society like?”. Well, if you didn’t know, Sparta was a militaristic city-state, they were brought up to serve the military and state.
So by the age of 7, the Spartan boys are sent to military camp and start their training. There, they are given very little clothes to wear and is given barely enough food. At the age of 20, they become a member of the citizen army, and was required to marry, but not allowed to live with their wife, because you still belong to the military. Then finally by the age of 30, they are “certified citizen”.
On the other hand, the girls were not taken away. But was put into hard exercise and workouts to stay fit and healthy. Back then in Sparta, the women were expected to be married and bore children. But if you didn’t marry, that would’ve been seen as disgraceful. But the women in Sparta was allowed to participate in sports and was able to inherit, so they were given freedom in that subject.
But in conclusion, the Spartan society is pretty strict and focused on building their military and training their men. It was really intriguing learning about the Spartan society. Thanks for reading.