Sadducees and Apostles

RonPaulCurriculum Western Civilization Essay

“Why were the Sadducees and the apostles unable to find a way to reconcile their rival opinions?”

Both Sadducees and apostles just don’t agree with the same things. The Sadducees were a Jewish party, they didn’t believe in resurrection, spirits, and they didn’t believe that Jesus Christ was the Messiah. They were, in fact, the ones responsible for the death of Christ.

The apostles, of course, disagreed and were furious, because they saw and experienced what Christ can do. They’ve seen Christ perform many amazing miracles, and saw that people had faith and followed him. And these unbelievable works proved to them that Christ was the son of God.

The Sadducees loathed everybody that believed that Christ was God. They even threatened those who followed Christ and his apostles. The Sadducees were a Jewish group, they maintained their temple, and held a couple government offices, were disliked by some Jews and the Pharisees.

So in conclusion, both sides just had very different views on Jesus, the apostles thought of him as the Son of God, but the Sadducees thought otherwise. The apostles believed in Jesus and carried on his work, and the Sadducees tried to stop them, but the apostles never really broke any laws. So to end this essay, the Sadducees and apostles just had different opinions and were at each other’s necks.

I hope you liked this essay, thanks for reading.

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The Moderate Reforms/The Gregorian Reforms/Christendom

RonPaulCurriculum Western Civilization Essay

“What were the problems besetting the Church in the tenth and eleventh centuries? What was “moderate reform”?”

There was a struggle for power between the Church and State during the 10th and 11th centuries. The king had power over the Church, and they could appoint anyone they want. And this means there were sometimes useless, immoral, inept people in powerful religious positions.

Then in 1049, Pope Leo IX was appointed as Pope. Pope Leo IX created the “moderate reform” to try to change things. He fought against simony, meaning people would buy themselves into religious positions, clerical marriages, arguments against the church, and argued they should appoint reliable, smart, authentic people into religious positions.

“Describe the events that took place during the conflict between Pope Gregory VII and Henry IV. What was at stake?”

Pope Gregory VII was furious that the church was controlled by the monarch, and disagreed with this. He believed that the Church and State should be two separate things, and not one control the other. So he wrote the Gregorian Reforms and held a council in 1075. There he excommunicated unqualified clerics and threatened if the king is to hire more laymen, they would all be excommunicated.

Of course, King Henry IV was not gonna give in, and so he appointed other people, and the pope excommunicated them. Finally, Pope Gregory VII excommunicated King Henry IV and disposed of him his throne.

“What was Christendom?”

Christendom became a universal and international religion, anybody could be converted as monks, who would be sent to other countries. Same as being a bishop and abbot, it didn’t matter who you were, as long as you met the requirements. You could also be a university professor if you wanted to be. Basically, it didn’t matter what race you were, or where you came from, just as long you have the skill and passion for it, you could be a monk or a bishop.

How important is trust in establishing a long-term business relationship?

RonPaulCurriculum Business I Essay

“How important is trust in establishing a long-term business relationship?”

I think trusting your business partner is one of most crucial essential to have when starting a business. You must know your partner before you even start considering doing business with them. They could be reckless, sloppy, careless etc. You must find someone who levels with you. Let’s say financial stuff is your forte, I’d find someone somewhat charismatic and clever, then you’re good at his weakness, and he’s good at your weakness, 50/50.

You don’t want somebody who doesn’t do anything, then you’re just doing everything and it’s not worth it. When you find somebody who is somewhat at your level or already has some experience, then the next step is trusting them.

Who knows what they’ll do once they’re in charge, they could be cheating money, or taking money from the company. But when you find the right person, you can start trusting them, but if you know that they aren’t that capable, then don’t even bother.

But it’s also bad if you don’t trust anybody. If so, then you’d be running the whole business by yourself, that takes time, stress, sleep, etc. But if the business is just starting, maybe not as much stress is involved, but when it starts taking off, you gotta rely on somebody.

In conclusion, trust is very important when in a business relationship, but make sure you trust the right person and not some swindle. I hope you liked this essay thanks for reading.

Feudalism and Manorialism/William the Conqueror

RonPaulCurriculum Western Civilization Essay

“Describe feudalism and manorialism”

Feudalism was a system found in Europe around the Middle Ages. It was an agreement between the King and his vassals. The King would give out land to noble families or military personnel for their service and loyalty to the King.

Manorialism was, on the other hand, an agreement with the peasants and the lords. The peasants were the working class people, also called serfs, and the lords were the vassals who were given land. The agreement was that the peasants, who lived on the lords land, would work on the farms, in exchange for protection from raiders.

What changes did William the Conqueror introduce in England?

At the Battle of Hastings in 1066 AD, William was crowned king. He organized for castles, mottes, etc. to be built, one including the Tower of London. When he defeated Harold in the Battle of Hastings, he receives lots of lands, and he gives some portion of it to the Normand nobles. But keeps some of it to himself, of course, William the Conqueror ruled some of France, including England. He had a strong monarchy and ruled well.

Merovingians & Carolingians/The Papal-Frankish Alliance

RonPaulCurriculum Western Civilization Essay

“Discuss the shift in power from the Merovingians to the Carolingians. Why did it occur, and how?”

The Merovingians ruled the Frankish Kingdom of Gaul, modern day would be France. They were ruled by the famous King Clovis, ruled from 481-511. With his wife, Clotilde, who was Catholic, convinced Clovis to believe in Christ. But at first Clovis refused to convert, but after a while, he agreed and was baptized on Christmas day, 508.

During his reign, he fought against the Visigoths and Alemanni and protected Gaul from collapsing. Before he died, he was able to divide up his kingdom to his sons. His sons continued to conquer the Burgundians in Eastern Gaul and the Ostrogoths of the North Alps.

But around this time they had problems, they weren’t good governors and often had disagreements. And the Frankish army would sacrifice women and children to satisfy their battle spirits. So it’s been going downhill, and the Carolingians chose this opportunity to gain influence and they already had a Carolingian in a major position as Mayor of the Palace.

So Pepin the Short, a Carolingian, asked Pope Zachary I, “Is it right to have a king with no power or a person with no title/status have all the power?” And the Pope agreed with Pepin and named Pepin the King of Gaul, and Pepin the Short was the first Carolingian ruler

“What was the significance of the Papal-Frankish Alliance? What were two factors that helped make the alliance possible?”

The Papal-Frankish Alliance is important because, the Pope, the church, and the strong Franks wanted to rebuild Europe after the major fall of the Roman Empire.

The first factor that made the alliance possible, would be the switch from the Merovingian dynasty to the Carolingians. As I said in the previous question, the Merovingians were successful in conquering countries but weren’t very capable of governing the country. So the switch to the Carolingians was a good move and made the Papal-Frankish Alliance.

The second factor is that the papacy was looking for a protector when in danger. The Lombards were a threat the papacy and lived in both north and south of Rome. Their current protector, the Byzantine Empire was dealing with their own problems and wars and had a foolish king, so the papacy was looking for a new one. They eventually decided that the Franks(who recently switched dynasties) seemed suitable.

And that’s how the Papal-Frankish Alliance came to be.

I hope you liked this essay, thanks for reading.

How important were the miracles of Jesus’ early ministry

RonPaulCurriculum English Essay

“How important were the miracles in the book’s account of Jesus’ early ministry?”

His miracles were very important in the growth of His ministry. He performed many magical and unbelievable miracles, and this caused Him to grow more and more. Some miracles included curing the sick, reviving the dead, etc.

He would visit villages and help the sick, once he helped this boy who was paralyzed, and he performed a miracle, and the little boy started to walk again. And the more popular he became, people started coming to him, and he started teaching the people about God, and how even if you make mistakes and perform sins, God will always forgive you.

These miracles made the people believe in God, and how anything is possible. They also proved that He wasn’t a scam, going around saying He was the son of God. These miracles proved that he was indeed the son of God, and was able to do things that were before proved to be impossible.

Another miracle example, He was sailing with his disciples, and a rough storm came, and His disciples asked him to perform a prayer to save them. And He did and calmed the sea and sky.

Jesus took in twelve disciples and would teach them everything He knows and hopes they carry on the knowledge.

In conclusion, the miracles performed by Jesus was very important during the early growth of the ministry. The miracles helped the sick, the injured and gave people faith in God. The more popular he became, people would come and ask how he could do all these things. And he decided to teach the people of the ways of Christianity.

Anyways, I hope you liked this essay, thanks for reading.

Horace’s concept of personal ethical cause and effect

RonPaulCurriculum English Essay

“What was Horace’s concept of personal ethical cause and effect?”

Quintus Horace Flaccus(65 BC – 8 BC) a Roman poet in the Augustan time. Some of his works are Odes, Epodes, Satires, and Epistles. The main theme for most of his works is death, and about how you can’t cheat death, and to live life the fullest, but not too full.

Horace was Stoic, which means “one who is seemingly indifferent to or unaffected by joy, grief, pleasure, or pain” basically being emotionless, and just accept whatever that comes your way, either you get successful, or not, just accept it.

In one of his popular works, the Odes shows that you should find your “Golden Mean” and follow it. Which means living life in the middle, don’t be too successful but don’t be poor, or don’t eat too much but also don’t starve yourself, somewhere along those lines. He says to not make big projects or ideas, cause if it works, then you’ll get wealthy, and with money comes greed and stupidity, but if it doesn’t work, then you’ll be devastated and it’ll be awful.

He also believed that you shouldn’t be wealthy, unless you’re going to do something good with the money, but if you’re just going to save up until you die, then what’s the pleasure in that, and it’ll just be given to your kids/grandkids and they’ll just waste it.

So in conclusion, Horace just promotes the idea of however you do in life, you’re going to die, and just live a peaceful life, don’t overdo. So I think that Horace believes that ethics just didn’t matter, cause even if you do good or bad, you’re going to die and it just doesn’t matter. I know this essay is a bit shorter, but I hope you liked this essay, thanks for reading.